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Detailed Assessment of Low-Voltage Zones Localization by Cardiac MRI in Patients With Implantable Devices

Orini, M; Seraphim, A; Graham, A; Bhuva, A; Zacur, E; Kellman, P; Schilling, R; ... Manisty, C; + view all (2022) Detailed Assessment of Low-Voltage Zones Localization by Cardiac MRI in Patients With Implantable Devices. JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology , 8 (2) pp. 225-235. 10.1016/j.jacep.2021.10.002.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the performance and limitations of low-voltage zones (LVZ) localization by optimized late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) scar imaging in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). BACKGROUND: Scar evaluation by LGE-CMR can assist ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation, but challenges with electroanatomical maps coregistration and presence of imaging artefacts from CIED limit accuracy. METHODS: A total of 10 patients underwent VT ablation and preprocedural LGE-CMR using wideband imaging. Scar was segmented from CMR pixel signal intensity maps using commercial software (ADAS-VT, Galgo Medical) with bespoke tools and compared with detailed electroanatomical maps (CARTO). Coregistration of EP and imaging-derived scar was performed using the aorta as a fiducial marker, and the impact of coregistration was determined by assessing intraobserver/interobserver variability and using computer simulations. Spatial smoothing was applied to assess correlation at different spatial resolutions and to reduce noise. RESULTS: Pixel signal intensity maps localized low-voltage zones (V <1.5 mV) with area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve: 0.82 (interquartile range [IQR]: 0.76-0.83), sensitivity 74% (IQR: 71%-77%), and specificity 78% (IQR: 73%-83%) and correlated with bipolar voltage (r = −0.57 [IQR: −0.68 to −0.42]) across patients. In simulations, small random shifts and rotations worsened LVZ localization in at least some cases. The use of the full aortic geometry ensured high reproducibility of LVZ localization (r >0.86 for area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve). Spatial smoothing improved localization of LVZ. Results for LVZ with V <0.5 mV were similar. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with CIEDs, novel wideband CMR sequences and personalized coregistration strategies can localize LVZ with good accuracy and may assist VT ablation procedures.

Type: Article
Title: Detailed Assessment of Low-Voltage Zones Localization by Cardiac MRI in Patients With Implantable Devices
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacep.2021.10.002
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacep.2021.10.002
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Cardiac mapping, Cardiovascular MRI, Scar, Ventricular tachycardia, Ablations
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10144219
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