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Heterogeneity of consumption-based carbon emissions and driving forces in Indian states

Huang, Q; Zheng, H; Li, J; Meng, J; Liu, Y; Wang, Z; Zhang, N; ... Guan, D; + view all (2021) Heterogeneity of consumption-based carbon emissions and driving forces in Indian states. Advances in Applied Energy , 4 , Article 100039. 10.1016/j.adapen.2021.100039. Green open access

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Abstract

As the second most populous country in the world, India is on the way to rapid industrialization and urbanization, possibly becoming the next carbon giant. With its vast territory and high regional heterogeneity in terms of development stages and population, state-level consumption-based emissions patterns and driving forces are critical but unfortunately, remain far from completed. In this paper, we first applied a multi-regional input-output model to ascertain heterogeneity in consumption-based emissions and track carbon flows in the inter-state supply chain, using our newly constructed Indian multi-state input-output table for 2015, based on Flegg location quotient method. We found that household consumption dominated consumption-based emissions at state levels, accounting for 60–78% of total consumption-based emissions, while investment-led emissions were relatively higher in developed regions the in developing regions. More than 30% of consumption-based emissions in developed states were imported from less developed states with higher carbon intensity, indicating a large spillover effect. In India's low carbon transition, policymakers should not only focus on a local mitigation policy in developed states, but on carbon leakage from the developing states, given the significant heterogeneity in industrial distribution and population. Inter-state cooperation is recommended, with developed states subsidizing the mitigation in the developing states, which also entails a lower marginal cost to low carbon transition.

Type: Article
Title: Heterogeneity of consumption-based carbon emissions and driving forces in Indian states
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.adapen.2021.100039
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adapen.2021.100039
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Carbon flows, India, Multi-regional input-output analysis, Consumption-based emissions, Low carbon transition
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10143475
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