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Care home residents with dementia: Prevalence, incidence, and associations with sleep disturbance in an English cohort study

Webster, Lucy A; Costafreda, Sergi G; Barber, Julie A; Kyle, Simon D; Livingston, Gill; (2022) Care home residents with dementia: Prevalence, incidence, and associations with sleep disturbance in an English cohort study. Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions , 8 (1) , Article e12251. 10.1002/trc2.12251. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: People living with dementia in care homes often have sleep disturbances, but little is known about incidence and importance. METHODS: We interviewed 1483 participants in 97 care homes and report prevalence, 1-year incidence, and baseline associations of clinically significant sleep disturbance in people with dementia. RESULTS: Baseline prevalence of clinically significant sleep disturbance was 13.7% (200/1460); 31.3% (457/1462) had them at least once over 16 months. One-year incidence was 25.2%. At baseline, residents with sleep disturbance had lower quality of life (mean difference –4.84; 95% confidence interval [CI] –6.53 to –3.16) and were more frequently prescribed sleep medications (odds ratio 1.75; CI 1.17 to 2.61) than other residents. DISCUSSION: Approximately one-third of care home residents with dementia have or develop sleep disturbances over 1 year. These are associated with lower quality of life and prescription of sedatives, which may have negative outcomes; therefore, it is important to develop effective treatments.

Type: Article
Title: Care home residents with dementia: Prevalence, incidence, and associations with sleep disturbance in an English cohort study
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/trc2.12251
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/trc2.12251
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 The Authors. Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring published by Wiley Periodicals, LLC on behalf of Alzheimer's Association. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: associates, care homes, dementia, incidence, prevalence, sleep disturbances
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10143446
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