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Malignancy in three medieval Polish osteological collections

Siek, TJ; Rando, C; Spinek, AE; Cieślik, A; Waldron, T; (2021) Malignancy in three medieval Polish osteological collections. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports , 40 (Part B) , Article 103246. 10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.103246. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper presents the archaeological skeletal remains of four adult females presenting with cranial lesions typical of malignant neoplastic disease. The four cases were sourced from three medieval Polish skeletal assemblages: Milicz (12–13th century), Pawłów Trzebnicki (15–16th century), and Gródek nad Bugiem (13–15th century). The observed pathological skeletal changes were evaluated with a comprehensive macroscopic analysis of the skeleton, and radiography of the affected bones. The observed osteolytic lesions were largely limited to the crania and were multiple and varied in size; further internal lesions were revealed with radiography. Three cases were differentially diagnosed as highly consistent with metastatic carcinoma, and the fourth case was differentially diagnosed as typical of multiple myeloma. This report adds to the scant number of palaeopathological examples of malignant neoplasms in Poland and it discusses the possible impact of cancer on medieval lives, as well as possible factors in the occurrence of malignant neoplasms in medieval Poland.

Type: Article
Title: Malignancy in three medieval Polish osteological collections
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.103246
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.103246
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Neoplastic disease, Metastatic, Multiple myeloma, Poland
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10142181
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