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A network analysis of adolescent mental well-being during the coronavirus pandemic: Evidence for cross-cultural differences in central features

Shukla, M; Wu, AFW; Lavi, I; Riddleston, L; Hutchinson, T; Lau, JYF; (2022) A network analysis of adolescent mental well-being during the coronavirus pandemic: Evidence for cross-cultural differences in central features. Personality and Individual Differences , 186 (Part A) , Article 111316. 10.1016/j.paid.2021.111316.

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Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to pose unprecedented threat globally. Adolescents and youth may be especially susceptible to the long-term impact of these stressors, thus intervening early is an important priority. However, it is also crucial to understand how young people maintain psychological well-being in the face of adversity, particularly given that many nations are experiencing further waves of the pandemic. The understanding of such resilient outcomes could inform the development of programs to encourage positive mental health.We explored adolescents' resilience to the COVID-19 pandemic stress by examining core aspects of well-being across countries using network analysis. Using the short Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale, cross-sectional data was collected online from adolescents from India (N = 310; Males = 159, Females = 151, aged 12–18 years), Israel (N = 306; Males = 154, Females = 152, aged 12–18 years) and the United Kingdom (UK; N = 1666; Males = 598, Females = 1068, aged 12–25 years). Two highly similar network clusters were identified for UK and Israel, with three clusters emerging for India. UK and Israeli networks centred on “dealing with problems well” while the Indian network centred on “feeling useful”. As central items highlight aspects of well-being that influence or are influenced by other aspects, these findings may inform interventions to safeguard adolescent mental health during future phases of the pandemic.

Type: Article
Title: A network analysis of adolescent mental well-being during the coronavirus pandemic: Evidence for cross-cultural differences in central features
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2021.111316
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.111316
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Resilience, Well-being, Young people, Network analysis, COVID-19, Cross-cultural
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10141889
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