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Emotional and behavioural resilience to multiple risk exposure in early life: the role of parenting

Flouri, E; Midouhas, E; Joshi, H; Tzavidis, N; (2015) Emotional and behavioural resilience to multiple risk exposure in early life: the role of parenting. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry , 24 (7) pp. 745-755. 10.1007/s00787-014-0619-7. Green open access

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Abstract

Ecological and transactional theories link child outcomes to neighbourhood disadvantage, family poverty and adverse life events. Traditionally, these three types of risk factors have been examined independently of one another or combined into one cumulative risk index. The first approach results in poor prediction of child outcomes, and the second is not well rooted in ecological theory as it does not consider that distal risk factors (such as poverty) may indirectly impact children through proximal risk factors (such as adverse life events). In this study, we modelled simultaneously the longitudinal effects of these three risk factors on children’s internalising and externalising problems, exploring the role of parenting in moderating these effects. Our sample followed 16,916 children (at ages 3, 5 and 7 years; N = 16,916; 49 % girls) from the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Parenting was characterised by quality of parent–child relationship, parental involvement in learning and parental discipline. Neighbourhood disadvantage, family poverty and adverse events were all simultaneously related to the trajectories of both outcomes. As expected, parenting moderated risk effects. Positive parent–child relationship, rather than greater involvement or authoritative discipline, most consistently ‘buffered’ risk effects. These findings suggest that a good parent–child relationship may promote young children’s emotional and behavioural resilience to different types of environmental risk.

Type: Article
Title: Emotional and behavioural resilience to multiple risk exposure in early life: the role of parenting
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00787-014-0619-7
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-014-0619-7
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Cumulative risk, Emotional and behavioural problems, Millennium Cohort Study, Parenting, Resilience
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10141489
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