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'Seeing with Empty Eyes': a systems approach to understand climate change and mental health in Bangladesh

Hayward, G; Ayeb-Karlsson, S; (2021) 'Seeing with Empty Eyes': a systems approach to understand climate change and mental health in Bangladesh. Climatic Change , 165 (1-2) , Article 29. 10.1007/s10584-021-03053-9. Green open access

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Abstract

Bangladesh’s unique climate vulnerability is well-investigated but the mental health impacts of climate change remain relatively unexplored. Three databases were searched for English primary qualitative studies published between 2000 and 2020. Out of 1202 publications, 40 met the inclusion criteria. This systematic review applies a systems approach to further understand Bangladesh’s ‘climate-wellbeing’ network. The literature indicates diverse factors linking environmental stress and mental ill-health including four key themes: (1) post-hazard mental health risks, (2) human (im)mobility, (3) social tension and conflict, and (4) livelihood loss and economic hardship. This systems analysis also revealed that people’s mental wellbeing is strongly mediated by socio-economic status and gender. The article illustrates how multiple pathways may amplify stress, anxiety, violence, and psychological damage. Greater recognition of the ‘climate-wellbeing’ connections, and incorporation of mental health in current climate action and policy frameworks, will be an effective way to achieve a more sustainable future.

Type: Article
Title: 'Seeing with Empty Eyes': a systems approach to understand climate change and mental health in Bangladesh
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10584-021-03053-9
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-021-03053-9
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Bangladesh, Climate change, Disasters, Mental health, Sustainable wellbeing, Systems analysis, ADAPTATION STRATEGIES, DISASTER, VULNERABILITIES, IMPACTS, WOMEN, COMMUNITIES, PERSPECTIVE, CHALLENGES, MARRIAGE, CHILDREN
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10141483
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