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Genetic defects are common in myopathies with tubular aggregates

Gang, Q; Bettencourt, C; Brady, S; Holton, JL; Healy, EG; McConville, J; Morrison, PJ; ... Houlden, H; + view all (2021) Genetic defects are common in myopathies with tubular aggregates. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology 10.1002/acn3.51477. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: A group of genes have been reported to be associated with myopathies with tubular aggregates (TAs). Many cases with TAs still lack of genetic clarification. This study aims to explore the genetic background of cases with TAs in order to improve our knowledge of the pathogenesis of these rare pathological structures. Methods: Thirty-three patients including two family members with biopsy confirmed TAs were collected. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on 31 unrelated index patients and a candidate gene search strategy was conducted. The identified variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The wild-type and the mutant p.Ala11Thr of ALG14 were transfected into human embryonic kidney 293 cells (HEK293), and western blot analysis was performed to quantify protein expression levels. Results: Eleven index cases (33%) were found to have pathogenic variant or likely pathogenic variants in STIM1, ORAI1, PGAM2, SCN4A, CASQ1 and ALG14. Among them, the c.764A>T (p.Glu255Val) in STIM1 and the c.1333G>C (p.Val445Leu) in SCN4A were novel. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of ALG14 protein was severely reduced in the mutant ALG14 HEK293 cells (p.Ala11Thr) compared with wild type. The ALG14 variants might be associated with TAs in patients with complex multisystem disorders. Interpretation: This study expands the phenotypic and genotypic spectrums of myopathies with TAs. Our findings further confirm previous hypothesis that genes related with calcium signalling pathway and N-linked glycosylation pathway are the main genetic causes of myopathies with TAs.

Type: Article
Title: Genetic defects are common in myopathies with tubular aggregates
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/acn3.51477
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/acn3.51477
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 The Authors. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Neurological Association This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: CONGENITAL MYASTHENIC SYNDROME, SKELETAL-MUSCLE, CONSTITUTIVE ACTIVATION, MUTATIONS, ORAI1, STIM1, IDENTIFICATION, ASSOCIATION, EXPRESSION, FEATURES
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10141180
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