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AI ethics in computational psychiatry: From the neuroscience of consciousness to the ethics of consciousness

Wiese, W; Friston, KJ; (2021) AI ethics in computational psychiatry: From the neuroscience of consciousness to the ethics of consciousness. Behavioural Brain Research , Article 113704. 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113704. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Methods used in artificial intelligence (AI) overlap with methods used in computational psychiatry (CP). Hence, considerations from AI ethics are also relevant to ethical discussions of CP. Ethical issues include, among others, fairness and data ownership and protection. Apart from this, morally relevant issues also include potential transformative effects of applications of AI—for instance, with respect to how we conceive of autonomy and privacy. Similarly, successful applications of CP may have transformative effects on how we categorise and classify mental disorders and mental health. Since many mental disorders go along with disturbed conscious experiences, it is desirable that successful applications of CP improve our understanding of disorders involving disruptions in conscious experience. Here, we discuss prospects and pitfalls of transformative effects that CP may have on our understanding of mental disorders. In particular, we examine the concern that even successful applications of CP may fail to take all aspects of disordered conscious experiences into account.

Type: Article
Title: AI ethics in computational psychiatry: From the neuroscience of consciousness to the ethics of consciousness
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113704
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113704
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: AI ethics, Computational psychiatry, Consciousness, Ethics of consciousness, Mental disorders, Schizophrenia
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10140869
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