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Benthic foraminifera distribution and sedimentary environmental evolution of a carbonate platform: A case study of the Guadalupian (middle Permian) in eastern Sichuan Basin

Peng, Y; Li, H; BouDagher-Fadel, M; Wang, L; Zhang, D; Zheng, T; Yang, K; (2022) Benthic foraminifera distribution and sedimentary environmental evolution of a carbonate platform: A case study of the Guadalupian (middle Permian) in eastern Sichuan Basin. Marine Micropaleontology , 170 , Article 102079. 10.1016/j.marmicro.2021.102079. Green open access

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Abstract

Benthic foraminifera are significant indicators of habitat changes and are useful for paleoenvironmental reconstruction. During the Permian period, the variation in species, individual sizes, and morphological characteristics of the different assemblages, such as the fusulinids, is a clue to paleoecological and paleoenvironmental interpretations. The eastern part of the Sichuan Basin, located near the equator in the middle Permian, Guadalupian period, was precipitated by thick beds of marine carbonate rocks with numerous benthic foraminifera. In this study, we record the species and calculate the frequency of benthic foraminifera from 445 thin sections of Guadalupian (Maokou Formation) marine carbonate rocks. Seven types of benthic foraminiferal biofacies are recognized and associated with five sedimentary microfacies in the Erya and Huilongchang sections, eastern Sichuan area. During the early Guadalupian period, small uniserial nodosariids and Endothyrida dominated the benthic foraminiferal assemblages; in the middle Guadalupian period, species of Miliolida, Ammodiscidae, and uniserial nodosariids were common; however, the species of Fusulinida, such as Schwagerina sp. and Verbeekina sp., were abundant in the late Guadalupian period. The associated sedimentary microfacies indicates a shallow open platform to marginal platform. In our study area, the early Guadalupian was deposited in an open platform to grain shoals. This was followed by gradual shallowing as the sedimentary environment shifted to marginal shallow shoals from the middle to late Guadalupian period until the paleoweathering abruptly terminated the deposition at the end of the Guadalupian period.

Type: Article
Title: Benthic foraminifera distribution and sedimentary environmental evolution of a carbonate platform: A case study of the Guadalupian (middle Permian) in eastern Sichuan Basin
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2021.102079
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2021.102079
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Benthic foraminifera, Microfacies, Open platform, Permian, Guadalupian, Eastern Sichuan Basin
UCL classification: UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10140766
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