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Urinary albumin/creatinine ratio tertiles predict risk of diabetic retinopathy progression: a natural history study from the Adolescent Cardio-Renal Intervention Trial (AdDIT) observational cohort

Benitez-Aguirre, P; Marcovecchio, ML; Chiesa, S; Craig, ME; Wong, TY; Davis, EA; Cotterill, A; ... Donaghue, KC; + view all (2022) Urinary albumin/creatinine ratio tertiles predict risk of diabetic retinopathy progression: a natural history study from the Adolescent Cardio-Renal Intervention Trial (AdDIT) observational cohort. Diabetologia , 65 pp. 872-878. 10.1007/s00125-022-05661-1. Green open access

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Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: We hypothesised that adolescents with type 1 diabetes with a urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) in the upper tertile of the normal range (high ACR) are at greater risk of three-step diabetic retinopathy progression (3DR) independent of glycaemic control. Methods: This was a prospective observational study in 710 normoalbuminuric adolescents with type 1 diabetes from the non-intervention cohorts of the Adolescent Cardio-Renal Intervention Trial (AdDIT). Participants were classified as ‘high ACR’ or ‘low ACR’ (lowest and middle ACR tertiles) using baseline standardised log10 ACR. The primary outcome, 3DR, was determined from centrally graded, standardised two-field retinal photographs. 3DR risk was determined using multivariable Cox regression for the effect of high ACR, with HbA1c, BP, LDL-cholesterol and BMI as covariates; diabetes duration was the time-dependent variable. Results: At baseline mean ± SD age was 14.3 ± 1.6 years and mean ± SD diabetes duration was 7.2 ± 3.3 years. After a median of 3.2 years, 83/710 (12%) had developed 3DR. In multivariable analysis, high ACR (HR 2.1 [1.3, 3.3], p=0.001), higher mean IFCC HbA1c (HR 1.03 [1.01, 1.04], p=0.001) and higher baseline diastolic BP SD score (HR 1.43 [1.08, 1.89], p=0.01) were independently associated with 3DR risk. Conclusions/interpretation: High ACR is associated with greater risk of 3DR in adolescents, providing a target for future intervention studies.

Type: Article
Title: Urinary albumin/creatinine ratio tertiles predict risk of diabetic retinopathy progression: a natural history study from the Adolescent Cardio-Renal Intervention Trial (AdDIT) observational cohort
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00125-022-05661-1
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-022-05661-1
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: AdDIT . Adolescents . Diabetic nephropathy . Diabetic retinopathy progression . Kidney function . Microvascular complications . Type 1 diabetes
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10139874
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