UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Spatio-temporal estimation of wind speed and wind power using extreme learning machines: predictions, uncertainty and technical potential

Amato, F; Guignard, F; Walch, A; Mohajeri, N; Scartezzini, J-L; Kanevski, MF; (2021) Spatio-temporal estimation of wind speed and wind power using extreme learning machines: predictions, uncertainty and technical potential. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment , 36 (8) pp. 2049-2069. 10.1007/s00477-022-02219-w. Green open access

[thumbnail of Mohajeri_s00477-022-02219-w.pdf] Text
Mohajeri_s00477-022-02219-w.pdf

Download (4MB)

Abstract

With wind power providing an increasing amount of electricity worldwide, the quantification of its spatio-temporal variations and the related uncertainty is crucial for energy planners and policy-makers. Here, we propose a methodological framework which (1) uses machine learning to reconstruct a spatio-temporal field of wind speed on a regular grid from spatially irregularly distributed measurements and (2) transforms the wind speed to wind power estimates. Estimates of both model and prediction uncertainties, and of their propagation after transforming wind speed to power, are provided without any assumptions on data distributions. The methodology is applied to study hourly wind power potential on a grid of 250×250 m2 for turbines of 100 m hub height in Switzerland, generating the first dataset of its type for the country. We show that the average annual power generation per turbine is 4.4 GWh. Results suggest that around 12,000 wind turbines could be installed on all 19,617 km2 of available area in Switzerland resulting in a maximum technical wind potential of 53 TWh. To achieve the Swiss expansion goals of wind power for 2050, around 1000 turbines would be sufficient, corresponding to only 8% of the maximum estimated potential.

Type: Article
Title: Spatio-temporal estimation of wind speed and wind power using extreme learning machines: predictions, uncertainty and technical potential
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00477-022-02219-w
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00477-022-02219-w
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Renewable energy, Machine learning, Extreme learning machine, Uncertainty quantification, Big data mining
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10139734
Downloads since deposit
6Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item