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The Dynamics of Relative Poverty in China in a Comparative Perspective

Chan, T; (2022) The Dynamics of Relative Poverty in China in a Comparative Perspective. Chinese Journal of Sociology , 8 (1) pp. 29-51. 10.1177/2057150X211068543. Green open access

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Abstract

I use household panel data to study the dynamics of relative poverty in China, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Compared to the three Western countries, not only is relative poverty more common in China, it is also deeper and more severe. Transient poverty accounts for less than half of the total poverty in Germany or the US, but about two-thirds of that in China or the UK. Over three waves, 87% of Germans, 78% of Britons, 71% of Americans, but only 46% of Chinese were never poor. Using a multinomial logistic regression model, the determinants of poverty are found to be very similar across the four countries. But the variance explained by that model is much smaller for China than for the three Western countries. The findings of this paper also challenge some existing understanding of poverty dynamics in general.

Type: Article
Title: The Dynamics of Relative Poverty in China in a Comparative Perspective
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/2057150X211068543
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/2057150X211068543
Language: English
Additional information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Keywords: Relative poverty, longitudinal data, cross-national comparison, China
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10139432
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