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Reference values for volume, fat content and shape of the hip abductor muscles in healthy individuals from Dixon MRI

Belzunce, MA; Henckel, J; Di Laura, A; Hart, AJ; (2022) Reference values for volume, fat content and shape of the hip abductor muscles in healthy individuals from Dixon MRI. NMR in Biomedicine , 35 (2) , Article e4636. 10.1002/nbm.4636. Green open access

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Abstract

Healthy hip abductor muscles are a good indicator of a healthy hip and an active lifestyle, as they are greatly involved in human daily activities. Fatty infiltration and muscle atrophy are associated with loss of strength, loss of mobility and hip disease. However, these variables have not been widely studied in this muscle group. We aimed to characterize the hip abductor muscles in a group of healthy individuals to establish reference values for volume, intramuscular fat content and shape of this muscle group. To achieve this, we executed a cross-sectional study using Dixon MRI scans of 51 healthy subjects. We used an automated segmentation method to label GMAX, GMED, GMIN and TFL muscles, measured normalized volume (NV) using lean body mass, fat fraction (FF) and lean muscle volume for each subject and computed non-parametric statistics for each variable grouped by sex and age. We measured these variables for each axial slice and created cross-sectional area and FF axial profiles for each muscle. Finally, we generated sex-specific atlases with FF statistical images. We measured median (IQR) NV values of 12.6 (10.8-13.8), 6.3 (5.6-6.7), 1.6 (1.4-1.7) and 0.8 (0.6-1.0) cm3/kg for GMAX, GMED, GMIN and TFL, and median (IQR) FF values of 12.3 (10.1-15.9)%, 9.8 (8.6-11.2)%, 10.0 (9.0-12.0)% and 10.2 (7.8-13.5)% respectively. FF values were significantly higher for females for the four muscles (p < 0.01), but there were no significant differences between the two age groups. When comparing individual muscles, we observed a significantly higher FF in GMAX than in the other muscles. The reported novel reference values and axial profiles for volume and FF of the hip abductors, together with male and female atlases, are tools that could potentially help to quantify and detect early the deteriorating effects of hip disease or sarcopenia.

Type: Article
Title: Reference values for volume, fat content and shape of the hip abductor muscles in healthy individuals from Dixon MRI
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/nbm.4636
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/nbm.4636
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: MRI, hip muscles, intramuscular fat, atlas, muscle volume, fat fraction, Dixon
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10139241
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