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Oral Anticoagulants in the Oldest Old with Recent Stroke and Atrial Fibrillation

Polymeris, AA; Macha, K; Paciaroni, M; Wilson, D; Koga, M; Cappellari, M; Schaedelin, S; ... NOACISP-LONGTERM, Erlangen Registry, CROMIS-2, RAF, RAF-DOAC, SA; + view all (2022) Oral Anticoagulants in the Oldest Old with Recent Stroke and Atrial Fibrillation. Annals of Neurology , 91 (1) pp. 78-88. 10.1002/ana.26267. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) versus vitamin-K-antagonists (VKA) after recent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) aged ≥85 years. METHODS: Individual patient data analysis from 7 prospective stroke cohorts. We compared DOAC versus VKA treatment among patients with AF and recent stroke (<3 months) aged ≥85 versus <85 years. Primary outcome was the composite of recurrent stroke, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and all-cause death. We used simple, adjusted and weighted Cox regression to account for confounders. We calculated the net benefit of DOAC versus VKA by balancing stroke reduction against the weighted ICH risk. RESULTS: In total, 5,984 of 6,267 (95.5%) patients were eligible for analysis. Of those, 1,380 (23%) were aged ≥85 years and 3,688 (62%) received a DOAC. During 6,874 patient-years follow-up, the impact of anticoagulant type (DOAC versus VKA) on the hazard for the composite outcome did not differ between patients aged ≥85 (HR≥85y =0.65, 95%-CI [0.52, 0.81]) and <85 years (HR<85y =0.79, 95%-CI [0.66, 0.95]) in simple (pinteraction =0.129), adjusted (pinteraction =0.094) or weighted (pinteraction =0.512) models. Analyses on recurrent stroke, ICH and death separately were consistent with the primary analysis, as were sensitivity analyses using age dichotomized at 90 years and as a continuous variable. DOAC had a similar net clinical benefit in patients aged ≥85 (+1.73 to +2.66) and <85 years (+1.90 to +3.36 events/100 patient-years for ICH-weights 1.5 to 3.1). INTERPRETATION: The favorable profile of DOAC over VKA in patients with AF and recent stroke was maintained in the oldest old.

Type: Article
Title: Oral Anticoagulants in the Oldest Old with Recent Stroke and Atrial Fibrillation
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/ana.26267
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.26267
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Annals of Neurology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Neurological Association. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Statistical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10139075
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