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Extracorporeal liver support devices in the ICU

Agarwal, B; Jalan, R; (2016) Extracorporeal liver support devices in the ICU. In: Oxford Textbook of Critical Care. Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

Liver failure is common and carries high morbidity and mortality. Liver transplantation (LT) is the only definitive treatment available performed as an emergency in acute liver failure and electively for chronic liver disease. In the last 50 years, a number of extracorporeal liver support devices and modifications have emerged , some of them purely mechanical in nature aimed at detoxification, while others are cell based systems possessing bio-transformational capability. Mechanical devices are mainly based on albumin dialysis, albumin being a key transporter protein that is severely deficient and irreversibly destroyed in liver diseases. Despite a sound scientific rationale and good safety profile, none of the currently available devices have shown enough promise to be incorporated in routine clinical practice, their use being limited to specific clinical situations. This chapter describes currently available devices, their operational characteristics, current evidence of their utility and limitation, and the future developments in the field of extracorporeal liver support.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Extracorporeal liver support devices in the ICU
ISBN-13: 9780199600830
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/med/9780199600830.003.0198
Publisher version: https://doi.org/9780199600830
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inst for Liver and Digestive Hlth
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10137996
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