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Sobre as etnocracias das ajudas humanitárias no Líbano

Carpi, E; (2021) Sobre as etnocracias das ajudas humanitárias no Líbano. Revista Interdisciplinar da Mobilidade Humana , 29 (63) pp. 165-184. 10.1590/1980-85852503880006306. Green open access

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Abstract

In this article, I discuss the tendency of the humanitarian system in areas affected by crisis to provide services to people in need on a national basis, by using Lebanon as a case study. Through the research I conducted with Syrian, Iraqi, Sudanese and Palestinian refugees between 2011 and 2019 in Lebanon, I will illustrate, first, how hospitality can be employed both as a practice and as a discourse. In the latter case, I will explain how it can problematically turn into an “ethnicization” force in humanitarian aid provision. As a result of a conservative use of the hospitality discourse, second, I will introduce the concept of “compensatory humanitarianism” that caters for the locals as a consequence of the refugee presence. Against this backdrop, I will finally show how the current humanitarian system is far from being inter-group despite its efforts to make programs nationally mixed. Indeed, it simply proposes mixed programs to presumably dissipate inter-group tensions, therefore revealing an actual neo-ethnicization of care.

Type: Article
Title: Sobre as etnocracias das ajudas humanitárias no Líbano
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1590/1980-85852503880006306
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-85852503880006306
Language: Portuguese
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Keywords: ethnicization; humanitarianism; Lebanon; displacement
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10137837
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