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Diagnosis delays in the UK according to pre- or post-migration acquisition of HIV

Stirrup, O; Tostevin, A; Ragonnet-Cronin, M; Volz, E; Burns, F; Delpech, V; Dunn, D; (2022) Diagnosis delays in the UK according to pre- or post-migration acquisition of HIV. AIDS , 36 (3) pp. 415-422. 10.1097/qad.0000000000003110. Green open access

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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate whether infection occurred pre- or post-migration and the associated diagnosis delay in migrants diagnosed with HIV in the UK. Design: We analysed a cohort of individuals diagnosed with HIV in the UK in 2014–2016 born in Africa or elsewhere in Europe. Inclusion criteria were arrival within 15 years before diagnosis, availability of HIV pol sequence and viral subtype shared by at least 10 individuals. Methods: We examined phylogenies for evidence of infection after entry into the UK and incorporated this information into a Bayesian analysis of timing of infection using biomarkers of CD4+ cell count, avidity assays, proportion of ambiguous nucleotides in viral sequences and last negative test dates where available. Results: 1256 individuals were included. The final model indicated that HIV was acquired post-migration for most men who have sex with men (MSM) born in Europe (posterior expectation 65%, 95% credibility interval 64%-67%) or Africa (65%, 62%-69%), whereas a minority (20%-30%) of men and women with heterosexual transmission acquired HIV post-migration. Estimated diagnosis delays were lower for MSM than for those with heterosexual transmission, and were lower for those with post-migration infection across all subgroups. For MSM acquiring HIV post-migration the estimated mean time to diagnosis was <1 year, but for those who acquired HIV pre-migration the mean time from infection to diagnosis was >5 years for all subgroups. Conclusions: Acquisition of HIV post-migration is common, particularly among MSM calling for prevention efforts aimed at migrant communities. Delays in diagnosis reinforce the need for targeted testing initiatives.

Type: Article
Title: Diagnosis delays in the UK according to pre- or post-migration acquisition of HIV
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1097/qad.0000000000003110
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1097/qad.0000000000003110
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10137541
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