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Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and Absolute Lymphocyte Count as Prognostic Markers in Patients Treated with Curative-intent Radiotherapy for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Punjabi, A; Barrett, E; Cheng, A; Mulla, A; Walls, G; Johnston, D; McAleese, J; ... Evison, M; + view all (2021) Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and Absolute Lymphocyte Count as Prognostic Markers in Patients Treated with Curative-intent Radiotherapy for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer. Clinical Oncology , 33 (8) e331-e338. 10.1016/j.clon.2021.03.019. Green open access

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Abstract

Aims The neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) have been proposed as prognostic markers in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The objective of this study was to examine the association of NLR/ALC before and after curative-intent radiotherapy for NSCLC on disease recurrence and overall survival. Materials and methods A retrospective study of consecutive patients who underwent curative-intent radiotherapy for NSCLC across nine sites in the UK from 1 October 2014 to 1 October 2016. A multivariate analysis was carried out to assess the ability of pre-treatment NLR/ALC, post-treatment NLR/ALC and change in NLR/ALC, adjusted for confounding factors using the Cox proportional hazards model, to predict disease recurrence and overall survival within 2 years of treatment. Results In total, 425 patients were identified with complete blood parameter values. None of the NLR/ALC parameters were independent predictors of disease recurrence. Higher pre-NLR, post-NLR and change in NLR plus lower post-ALC were all independent predictors of worse survival. Receiver operator curve analysis found a pre-NLR > 2.5 (odds ratio 1.71, 95% confidence interval 1.06–2.79, P < 0.05), a post-NLR > 5.5 (odds ratio 2.36, 95% confidence interval 1.49–3.76, P < 0.001), a change in NLR >3.6 (odds ratio 2.41, 95% confidence interval 1.5–3.91, P < 0.001) and a post-ALC < 0.8 (odds ratio 2.86, 95% confidence interval 1.76–4.69, P < 0.001) optimally predicted poor overall survival on both univariate and multivariate analysis when adjusted for confounding factors. Median overall survival for the high-versus low-risk groups were: pre-NLR 770 versus 1009 days (P = 0.34), post-NLR 596 versus 1287 days (P ≤ 0.001), change in NLR 553 versus 1214 days (P ≤ 0.001) and post-ALC 594 versus 1287 days (P ≤ 0.001). Conclusion NLR and ALC, surrogate markers for systemic inflammation, have prognostic value in NSCLC patients treated with curative-intent radiotherapy. These simple and readily available parameters may have a future role in risk stratification post-treatment to inform the intensity of surveillance protocols.

Type: Article
Title: Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and Absolute Lymphocyte Count as Prognostic Markers in Patients Treated with Curative-intent Radiotherapy for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.clon.2021.03.019
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clon.2021.03.019
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Oncology, Curative-intent radiotherapy, lung cancer, lymphocyte count, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, NSCLC, LYMPHOPENIA, SURVIVAL
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10137263
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