UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Real Estate Return in Hong Kong and its Determinants: A Dynamic Gordon Model Analysis

Wang, S; Hartzell, DJ; (2021) Real Estate Return in Hong Kong and its Determinants: A Dynamic Gordon Model Analysis. International Real Estate Review , 24 (1) pp. 113-138. Green open access

[thumbnail of v24n01-5_Real-Estate-Return-in-Hong-Kong-and-Its-Determinants-A-Dynamic-Gordon-Growth-Model-Analysis-2.pdf]
Preview
Text
v24n01-5_Real-Estate-Return-in-Hong-Kong-and-Its-Determinants-A-Dynamic-Gordon-Growth-Model-Analysis-2.pdf - Published Version

Download (504kB) | Preview

Abstract

We apply the dynamic Gordon growth model to the Hong Kong real estate market to analyze quarterly data on four kinds of real estate— housing, office, retail, and factory properties—from 1999 to 2020. We find that factories have the highest total returns among the four types of real estate, and also a larger Sharpe ratio. The total returns of these four kinds of real estate are highly correlated. The results of an autoregressive distributed lag model show that the gross domestic product growth rate is the key determinant of real estate returns, while changes in foreign direct investment also influence housing and retail returns. The expected value of the risk-free rate is the key factor that determines the rent-price ratio. The decline in the risk-free rate in Hong Kong is the main reason that the real estate price-rent ratio has increased from 20 to 40 in the last twenty years. Our research represents an early contribution that compares the performance of housing and commercial real estate at the city level, with both types of real estate having similar determinants. Finally, we find that the fall in risk-free interest rates worsens housing affordability in Hong Kong.

Type: Article
Title: Real Estate Return in Hong Kong and its Determinants: A Dynamic Gordon Model Analysis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.um.edu.mo/fba/irer/index.htm
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Real Estate Return, Dynamic Gordon Model, Commercial Real Estate, Housing Premium, ARDL Model, Hong Kong
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett Sch of Const and Proj Mgt
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10137205
Downloads since deposit
337Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item