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A novel approach to treat the Thiel-Behnke corneal dystrophy using 3D printed honeycomb-shaped polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/Vancomycin (VAN) scaffolds

Ulag, S; Sahin, A; Guncu, MM; Aksu, B; Ekren, N; Sengor, M; Kalaskar, DM; (2021) A novel approach to treat the Thiel-Behnke corneal dystrophy using 3D printed honeycomb-shaped polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/Vancomycin (VAN) scaffolds. Bioprinting , 24 , Article e00173. 10.1016/j.bprint.2021.e00173. Green open access

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Abstract

Thiel-Behnke corneal dystrophy, or honeycomb corneal dystrophy, is an autosomal dominant corneal disorder. Tissue engineering can be a novel approach to regenerate this dystrophy. In this study, the honeycomb geometry of the dystrophy mimicked with a 3D printing technology, and 40% PMMA, 40% PMMA/(0.1, 0.5, 2, and 10)% VAN scaffolds were fabricated with honeycomb geometry. As a result of the biocompatibility test with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), it can be said that cells on the scaffolds showed high viability and proliferation for all incubation periods. According to the antibacterial activity results, the 40% PMMA/10% VAN showed antibacterial activity against S. aureous. Mechanical results reported that with the addition of VAN into the 40% PMMA, the tensile strength value increased up to 2% VAN amount. The swelling behaviours of the scaffolds were examined in vitro, and found that the swelling rate increased with a high VAN amount. The release of VAN from the scaffolds showed sustained release behaviour, and it took 13 days to be released entirely from the scaffolds.

Type: Article
Title: A novel approach to treat the Thiel-Behnke corneal dystrophy using 3D printed honeycomb-shaped polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/Vancomycin (VAN) scaffolds
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.bprint.2021.e00173
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bprint.2021.e00173
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Corneal dystrophy, Honeycomb, Thiel-behnke, Polymethylmethacrylate, Vancomycin, 3D printing
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10137057
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