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From the ger districts to the city centre: contrasts and inequities of access and mobility in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Hamiduddin, I; Plueckhahn, R; (2021) From the ger districts to the city centre: contrasts and inequities of access and mobility in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Local Environment , 26 (12) pp. 1546-1563. 10.1080/13549839.2021.1997961. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper focuses on access, travel and social equity in the ger districts of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. These areas, radiating outwards from the central part of the city, are home to approximately 60% of Ulaanbaatar’s population and a considerable range of socio-economic groups (Byambadorj et al. 2011). The few available studies on transport and mobility across the ger districts (e.g. Velez et al. 2016; ADB 2009) indicate a relatively low level of automobile access, creating high levels of public or informal transport use. However, motorisation in Mongolia has increased (ADB 2018). Drawing from a mixed methods research approach, the focus of this article is: what are the key mobility and access challenges facing ger district residents, and what social equity impacts do these have? This paper compares travel survey data from a ger district study site with data from an adjacent site in an apartment area linked to the core area of the city. Drawing from ethnography conducted among ger district residents, the paper then builds a higher resolution picture on the difficulties that residents face when travelling within their neighbourhood. The findings indicate that ger district residents face considerable access and mobility shortcomings compared to residents in central, built-up areas of the city. Residents in ger districts are required to engage in considerably higher forms of innovation and collaboration to meet transport needs. This imbalance could perpetuate further motorisation in a city that already experiences high levels of traffic congestion in both ger district and apartment building areas.

Type: Article
Title: From the ger districts to the city centre: contrasts and inequities of access and mobility in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2021.1997961
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2021.1997961
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Public transport, mobility, equity, Ulaanbaatar
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett School of Planning
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10137047
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