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The Framework of Technical Evaluation Indicators for Constructing Low-Carbon Communities in China

Bai, Y; Zhang, W; Yang, X; Wei, S; Yu, Y; (2021) The Framework of Technical Evaluation Indicators for Constructing Low-Carbon Communities in China. Buildings , 11 (10) , Article 479. 10.3390/buildings11100479. Green open access

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Abstract

In recent years, in order to promote the construction of low-carbon communities (LCCs) in China, many scholars have proposed an evaluation indicator system of LCC. The existing indicator systems are mostly established from the macro perspective of environmental impact and resource conservation, but few are from the micro technical perspective. Thus, the aim of this study is to construct a micro technical evaluation indicator system for LCCs. Firstly, the index system was divided into three categories: low-carbon building, low-carbon transportation, and low-carbon environment. Then, the technical indicators were selected through empirical analysis. The indicator weights were assigned by the improved analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and the multi-level fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was used as the evaluation method of the indicators. Finally, in order to examine the practicality of the indicator system, two typical communities in Tianjin and Shanghai were selected as case studies. The results showed that the indicator system gave a reasonable low-carbon level for the two communities, which was in line with the actual low-carbon construction status of each community. In addition, the evaluation results pointed out that the low-carbon community (LCC) in Tianjin needs to further strengthen the construction of the low-carbon environment, including community compactness, rainwater collection and utilization, and waste recycling. For the LCC in Shanghai, it was pointed out that the construction of the low-carbon building and low-carbon transportation needs to be strengthened. The indicator system can be used as a tool for urban planning and construction personnel to evaluate the construction progress and low-carbon degree of LCC.

Type: Article
Title: The Framework of Technical Evaluation Indicators for Constructing Low-Carbon Communities in China
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/buildings11100479
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11100479
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Keywords: low-carbon community; technical indicators; improved analytic hierarchy process; multi-level fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10136811
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