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Neonatal Seizure Management – Is the Timing of Treatment Critical?

Pavel, AM; Rennie, JM; De Vries, LS; Blennow, M; Foran, A; Shah, DK; Pressler, RM; ... Boylan, GB; + view all (2021) Neonatal Seizure Management – Is the Timing of Treatment Critical? The Journal of Pediatrics 10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.09.058. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the time to treatment of the first electrographic seizure on subsequent seizure burden; secondary aim was to describe overall seizure management in a large neonatal cohort. STUDY DESIGN: Newborns (36-44 weeks' gestation) requiring electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring recruited to two multicentre European studies were included. Infants who received anti-seizure medication exclusively after electrographic seizure onset, were grouped based on time to treatment of the first seizure: ASM within 1-hour, ASM between 1-2 hours and ASM after 2-hours. Outcomes measured were seizure burden, maximum seizure burden, status epilepticus, number of seizures and ASM dose over 24-hours following seizure onset. RESULTS: Out of 472 newborns recruited, 154(32.6%) infants had confirmed electrographic seizures. Sixty-nine infants were exclusively treated after onset of electrographic seizures: 21 infants received ASM within 1 hour, 15 infants between 1-2 hours and 33 infants after 2 hours of seizure onset. Significantly lower seizure burden and less seizures were noted in infants treated with ASM within 1 hour from seizure onset (p value=0.029 and 0.035, respectively). Overall, 258/472(54.7%) infants received ASM throughout the study period, of which 40 infants without electrographic seizures had treatment during EEG monitoring and 11 infants with electrographic seizures had no treatment. CONCLUSION: Treatment of neonatal seizures may be time-critical, but more research is required to confirm this. We also need to improve neonatal seizure diagnosis and treatment.

Type: Article
Title: Neonatal Seizure Management – Is the Timing of Treatment Critical?
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.09.058
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.09.058
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Anti-seizure medication, Encephalopathy, Newborn
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Neonatology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10136708
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