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Non-parametric combination of multimodal MRI for lesion detection in focal epilepsy

Isen, J; Perera-Ortega, A; Vos, SB; Rodionov, R; Kanber, B; Chowdhury, FA; Duncan, JS; ... Winston, GP; + view all (2021) Non-parametric combination of multimodal MRI for lesion detection in focal epilepsy. Neuroimage: Clinical , 32 , Article 102837. 10.1016/j.nicl.2021.102837. Green open access

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Abstract

One third of patients with medically refractory focal epilepsy have normal-appearing MRI scans. This poses a problem as identification of the epileptogenic region is required for surgical treatment. This study performs a multimodal voxel-based analysis (VBA) to identify brain abnormalities in MRI-negative focal epilepsy. Data was collected from 69 focal epilepsy patients (42 with discrete lesions on MRI scans, 27 with no visible findings on scans), and 62 healthy controls. MR images comprised T1-weighted, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) from diffusion tensor imaging, and neurite density index (NDI) from neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging. These multimodal images were coregistered to T1-weighted scans, normalized to a standard space, and smoothed with 8 mm FWHM. Initial analysis performed voxel-wise one-tailed t-tests separately on grey matter concentration (GMC), FLAIR, FA, MD, and NDI, comparing patients with epilepsy to controls. A multimodal non-parametric combination (NPC) analysis was also performed simultaneously on FLAIR, FA, MD, and NDI. Resulting p-maps were family-wise error rate corrected, threshold-free cluster enhanced, and thresholded at p < 0.05. Sensitivity was established through visual comparison of results to manually drawn lesion masks or seizure onset zone (SOZ) from stereoelectroencephalography. A leave-one-out cross-validation with the same analysis protocols was performed on controls to determine specificity. NDI was the best performing individual modality, detecting focal abnormalities in 38% of patients with normal MRI and conclusive SOZ. GMC demonstrated the lowest sensitivity at 19%. NPC provided superior performance to univariate analyses with 50% sensitivity. Specificity in controls ranged between 96 and 100% for all analyses. This study demonstrated the utility of a multimodal VBA utilizing NPC for detecting epileptogenic lesions in MRI-negative focal epilepsy. Future work will apply this approach to datasets from other centres and will experiment with different combinations of MR sequences.

Type: Article
Title: Non-parametric combination of multimodal MRI for lesion detection in focal epilepsy
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.nicl.2021.102837
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2021.102837
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Focal epilepsy, Lesion detection, MRI-negative, Magnetic resonance imaging, Non-parametric combination, Voxel-based analysis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10136313
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