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A Computational Framework for Pre-Interventional Planning of Peripheral Arteriovenous Malformations

Franzetti, G; Bonfanti, M; Tanade, C; Lim, CS; Tsui, J; Hamilton, G; Díaz-Zuccarini, V; (2021) A Computational Framework for Pre-Interventional Planning of Peripheral Arteriovenous Malformations. Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology 10.1007/s13239-021-00572-5. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Peripheral arteriovenous malformations (pAVMs) are congenital lesions characterised by abnormal high-flow, low-resistance vascular connections-the so-called nidus-between arteries and veins. The mainstay treatment typically involves the embolisation of the nidus, however the complexity of pAVMs often leads to uncertain outcomes. This study aims at developing a simple, yet effective computational framework to aid the clinical decision making around the treatment of pAVMs using routinely acquired clinical data. METHODS: A computational model was developed to simulate the pre-, intra-, and post-intervention haemodynamics of a patient-specific pAVM. A porous medium of varying permeability was employed to simulate the sclerosant effect on the nidus haemodynamics. Results were compared against clinical data (digital subtraction angiography, DSA, images) and experimental flow-visualization results in a 3D-printed phantom of the same pAVM. RESULTS: The computational model allowed the simulation of the pAVM haemodynamics and the sclerotherapy-induced changes at different interventional stages. The predicted inlet flow rates closely matched the DSA-derived data, although the post-intervention one was overestimated, probably due to vascular system adaptations not accounted for numerically. The nidus embolization was successfully captured by varying the nidus permeability and increasing its hydraulic resistance from 0.330 to 3970 mmHg s ml-1. The nidus flow rate decreased from 71% of the inlet flow rate pre-intervention to 1%: the flow completely bypassed the nidus post-intervention confirming the success of the procedure. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates that the haemodynamic effects of the embolisation procedure can be simulated from routinely acquired clinical data via a porous medium with varying permeability as evidenced by the good qualitative agreement between numerical predictions and both in vivo and in vitro data. It provides a fundamental building block towards a computational treatment-planning framework for AVM embolisation.

Type: Article
Title: A Computational Framework for Pre-Interventional Planning of Peripheral Arteriovenous Malformations
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s13239-021-00572-5
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13239-021-00572-5
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Arteriovenous malformation, Blood flow, Computational fluid dynamics, Experimental fluid dynamics, Patient-specific
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10136303
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