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Epidemiology of Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis: A Study Using Linked UK Primary Care and Hospital Data

Bianic, F; Guelfucci, F; Robin, L; Martre, C; Game, D; Bockenhauer, D; (2021) Epidemiology of Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis: A Study Using Linked UK Primary Care and Hospital Data. Nephron , 145 pp. 486-495. 10.1159/000516876. Green open access

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Abstract

Introduction: Distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA), or RTA type 1, a rare inherited or acquired disease, is a disorder of the distal tubule caused by impaired urinary acid secretion. Due to associated conditions and nonspecific symptoms, dRTA may go undetected. This analysis aims to estimate the prevalence of dRTA in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) databases and extrapolate it to European Union Five (EU5) populations. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted using the CPRD GOLD database and linked Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data to identify diagnosed and potentially undiagnosed or miscoded patients (suspected patients). Patients’ records with at least one diagnosis code for dRTA, RTA, specific autoimmune diseases, or renal disorders recorded between January 1987 and November 2017 were obtained and analyzed. An algorithm was developed to detect potentially undiagnosed/miscoded dRTA, based on associated conditions and prescriptions. Results: A total of 216 patients with diagnosis of RTA or dRTA were identified (with 98 linked to hospital data), and 447 patients were identified as having suspected dRTA. dRTA prevalence for 2017 was estimated between 0.46 (recorded cases, of which 22.1% were considered primary) and 1.60 when including suspected cases (7.6% primary) per 10,000 people. Prescription and clinical records of diagnosed patients revealed a wide range of comorbidities and a need for pharmacological treatment to manage associated symptoms. Conclusion: The study provides new estimates of dRTA prevalence in Europe and suggests that patients may often be unreported or miscoded, potentially confounding appropriate disease management.

Type: Article
Title: Epidemiology of Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis: A Study Using Linked UK Primary Care and Hospital Data
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1159/000516876
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1159/000516876
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Renal Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10135627
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