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A Window Into Functional Communication: Leveraging Naturalistic Speech Samples in Primary Progressive Aphasia

Gallée, J; Volkmer, A; (2021) A Window Into Functional Communication: Leveraging Naturalistic Speech Samples in Primary Progressive Aphasia. Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups , 6 (4) pp. 704-713. 10.1044/2021_persp-21-00021. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: Naturalistic speech samples should be routinely collected in the assessment of individuals with communication difficulties. However, even when these samples are collected, they are often underutilized. We propose that the analysis of naturalistic speech samples can greatly enhance our understanding and evaluation of the functional impact of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) on communication. First, we review the current practices of evaluating PPA. Second, we provide a framework to optimize the collection, analysis, and interpretation of speech samples to accomplish this goal. In particular, we demonstrate how speech samples can be evaluated for measures of informativeness, the presence of atypical patterns of speech, articulatory rate, and pausing, all of which are helpful metrics in characterizing disordered speech. These factors can be leveraged to identify both the strengths and difficulties an individual may face in everyday communication. / Conclusion: The collection of naturalistic speech in both clinical and naturalistic settings with typical communication partners is highly recommended to best diagnose, monitor, and inform treatment plans for individuals with PPA.

Type: Article
Title: A Window Into Functional Communication: Leveraging Naturalistic Speech Samples in Primary Progressive Aphasia
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1044/2021_persp-21-00021
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1044/2021_persp-21-00021
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10135502
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