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How does community-managed infrastructure scale up from rural to urban? An example of co-production in community water projects in Northern Pakistan

Birkinshaw, M; Grieser, A; Tan, J; (2021) How does community-managed infrastructure scale up from rural to urban? An example of co-production in community water projects in Northern Pakistan. Environment and Urbanization 10.1177/09562478211034853. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

This paper examines the role of participation, co-production and community management in a random sample of 50 rural and urban water systems under the Water and Sanitation Extension Programme (WASEP) in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It looks at the role of an NGO (the Aga Khan Agency for Habitat) in co-production, and how this model of community-based water management (CBWM) contributes to the discussion in the literature. Specifically, the paper considers whether the largely rural WASEP model can be successfully scaled up and scaled out to urban centres, drawing on evidence from a survey of over 2,500 rural and urban households. The findings illustrate the importance of participation in the successful delivery of water systems. However, higher levels of rural participation are related to specifically rural features, including the smaller size and more limited diversity of communities. The paper concludes that new methods may be required for the transfer of CBWM to urban centres with much larger, more diverse and growing populations.

Type: Article
Title: How does community-managed infrastructure scale up from rural to urban? An example of co-production in community water projects in Northern Pakistan
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/09562478211034853
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/09562478211034853
Language: English
Additional information: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Keywords: community-based water management, co-production, Gilgit-Baltistan, infrastructure, Pakistan, participation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10135383
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