UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Facile one-step synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of a WC/ferroelectric nanocomposite

Zhang, M; Wang, Y; Liu, J; Thangamuthu, M; Yue, Y; Yan, Z; Feng, J; ... Yan, H; + view all (2021) Facile one-step synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of a WC/ferroelectric nanocomposite. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 10.1039/d1ta04131b. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of d1ta04131b.pdf]
Preview
Text
d1ta04131b.pdf - Published version

Download (869kB) | Preview

Abstract

The development of noble-metal-free co-catalysts is seen as a viable strategy for improving the performance of semiconductor photocatalysts. Although the photocatalytic efficiency of ferroelectrics is typically low, it can be enhanced through the incorporation of a co-catalyst into nanocomposites. Here, we demonstrate the influence of ferroelectricity on the decolorization of rhodamine B under simulated solar light using RbBi2Ti2NbO10 and compared the performance with that of non-ferroelectric RbBi2Nb5O16. The decolorization rate for RbBi2Ti2NbO10 was 5 times greater than that of RbBi2Nb5O16. This behaviour can be explained in terms of ferroelectric polarization, which drives the separation of charge carriers. The photocatalytic activity of RbBi2Ti2NbO10 was further enhanced to over 30 times upon preparing a nanocomposite with tungsten carbide (WC) through high energy ball milling. This enhancement was attributed not only to the increased specific surface area, but also to the incorporated WC co-catalyst, which also serves as a source of plasmonic hot electrons and extends the photocatalytic activity into the visible light range. The WC/RbBi2Ti2NbO10 nanocomposite shows interesting water oxidation properties and evolves O2 with a rate of 68.5 μmol h−1 g−1 and a quantum yield of 3% at 420 nm. This work demonstrates a simple route for preparing WC containing nano-ferroelectric composites for solar energy conversion applications.

Type: Article
Title: Facile one-step synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of a WC/ferroelectric nanocomposite
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/d1ta04131b
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d1ta04131b
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence.
Keywords: TUNGSTEN CARBIDE NANOPARTICLES, VISIBLE-LIGHT, ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE, CHARGE SEPARATION, HYDROGEN, BEHAVIOR, SURFACE, PERFORMANCE, COCATALYST, GENERATION
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10134353
Downloads since deposit
4Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item