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Trajectories of work ability from mid-life to pensionable age and their association with retirement timing

K C, P; Virtanen, M; Kivimäki, M; Ervasti, J; Pentti, J; Vahtera, J; Stenholm, S; (2021) Trajectories of work ability from mid-life to pensionable age and their association with retirement timing. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 10.1136/jech-2021-216433. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the trajectories of work ability over 16 years preceding the individual pensionable age and to examine the association with retirement timing. METHODS: The study population consisted of 2612 public sector employees from the Finnish Retirement and Aging study and the Finnish Public Sector study. Participants were grouped into 'no-extension' (retired at the individual pensionable date or worked no longer than 6 months after that date) and 'extension' (worked more than 6 months after individual pensionable age). Trajectories of self-reported work ability score (0-10) in maximum of eight measurement points over 16 years preceding retirement were examined using the group-based latent trajectory analysis. Log-binomial regression was used to analyse the association between trajectory groups and extended employment. RESULTS: Four stable ('Stable excellent', 7%; 'Stable high', 62%; 'Stable medium', 24%; 'Low', 4%) and one decreasing ('Declining', 3%) work ability trajectories were identified. After taking into account gender, age, occupational status, marital status and self-rated health, 'Stable excellent' trajectory was associated with a higher likelihood of extended employment compared with the 'Low' (risk ratio (RR) 2.38, 95% CI 1.21 to 4.68) and to the 'Declining' (RR 2.82, 95% CI 1.32 to 6.01) trajectories. There was no difference in retirement timing between 'Declining', 'Low' and 'Stable medium' trajectories. CONCLUSION: Work ability remained relatively stable among majority of the participants over 16 years of follow-up. Stable excellent work ability from mid-life to late career was associated with higher likelihood of extending employment beyond individual pensionable age than those with low or declining work ability.

Type: Article
Title: Trajectories of work ability from mid-life to pensionable age and their association with retirement timing
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/jech-2021-216433
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2021-216433
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: cohort studies, employment, epidemiology of ageing, workplace
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10134332
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