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Re-evaluating Socio-Cultural Change in World Heritage Sites: A Case Study of the Cultural Landscape of Bali Province

Rahman, Diana Farisah; (2021) Re-evaluating Socio-Cultural Change in World Heritage Sites: A Case Study of the Cultural Landscape of Bali Province. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Change of social and cultural activities in World Heritage Sites is often considered a threat to their Outstanding Universal Values and sustainability. As socio-cultural change is often favoured by the local community of heritage sites, especially as it offers access to development and economic improvement, heritage scholars and site managers have sought ways to allow change to happen in heritage sites without compromising heritage protection. Using this prolonged problem as a point of departure, this thesis aims to investigate the significance of socio-cultural change in World Heritage Sites. This research focuses on finding the value of socio-cultural change to heritage sites, culture, and the local community and how it may affect the Outstanding Universal Values, authenticity, and the management of World Heritage Sites. Using a case study of the Bali Cultural Landscape, this research employed ethnography as a data collection strategy and Critical Discourse Analysis to analyse both the primary and secondary data. It employed cultural ecology and discourse theory to understand the drivers of socio-cultural change and interpret discrepancies and conflicts between stakeholders of World Heritage Sites. This thesis discovered that the value of socio-cultural change has been undermined in the World Heritage Convention framework. This thesis also demonstrated that stakeholders’ perceptions on the value of socio-cultural change are shaped by their knowledge and interpretations of both heritage sites and local culture. As the dominant stakeholder, the World Heritage Committee introduced new approaches to the Balinese society which marginalised their traditional knowledge and subsequently affected their participation in heritage site management. Thus, the World Heritage Convention system could risk damaging the identity, values, and traditional skills of the Balinese society when local knowledge is not integrated into the management plan. Empowering this society by giving them control over the management of the World Heritage Site is therefore crucial.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Re-evaluating Socio-Cultural Change in World Heritage Sites: A Case Study of the Cultural Landscape of Bali Province
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2021. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10134255
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