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Maintenance of Serum Potassium Levels ≥3.6 mEq/L Versus ≥4.5 mEq/L After Isolated Elective Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and the Incidence of New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation: Pilot and Feasibility Study Results

Campbell, NG; Allen, E; Montgomery, H; Aron, J; Canter, RR; Dodd, M; Sanders, J; ... O'Brien, B; + view all (2022) Maintenance of Serum Potassium Levels ≥3.6 mEq/L Versus ≥4.5 mEq/L After Isolated Elective Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and the Incidence of New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation: Pilot and Feasibility Study Results. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia , 36 (3) pp. 847-854. 10.1053/j.jvca.2021.06.021. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: Serum potassium levels frequently are maintained at high levels (≥4.5 mEq/L) to prevent atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery (AFACS), with limited evidence. Before undertaking a noninferiority randomized controlled trial to investigate the noninferiority of maintaining levels ≥3.6 mEq/L compared with this strategy, the authors wanted to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and safety of recruiting for such a trial. Design: Pilot and feasibility study of full trial protocol. Setting: Two university tertiary-care hospitals. Participants: A total of 160 individuals undergoing first-time elective isolated coronary artery bypass grafting. Interventions: Randomization (1:1) to protocols aiming to maintain serum potassium at either ≥3.6 mEq/L or ≥4.5 mEq/L after arrival in the postoperative care facility and for 120 hours or until discharge from the hospital or AFACS occurred, whichever happened first. Measurements and Main Results: Primary outcomes: (1) whether it was possible to recruit and randomize 160 patients for six months (estimated 20% of those eligible); (2) maintaining supplementation protocol violation rate ≤10% (defined as potassium supplementation being inappropriately administered or withheld according to treatment allocation after a serum potassium measurement); and (3) retaining 28-day follow-up rates ≥90% after surgery. Between August 2017 and April 2018, 723 patients were screened and 160 (22%) were recruited. Potassium protocol violation rate = 9.8%. Follow-up rate at 28 days = 94.3%. Data on planned outcomes for the full trial also were collected. Conclusions: It is feasible to recruit and randomize patients to a study assessing the impact of maintaining serum potassium concentrations at either ≥3.6 mEq/L or ≥4.5 mEq/L on the incidence of AFACS.

Type: Article
Title: Maintenance of Serum Potassium Levels ≥3.6 mEq/L Versus ≥4.5 mEq/L After Isolated Elective Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and the Incidence of New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation: Pilot and Feasibility Study Results
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1053/j.jvca.2021.06.021
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2021.06.021
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: atrial fibrillation, potassium, cardiac surgery, coronary artery bypass grafting, cardiac critical care, pilot trial
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10133836
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