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Prediction of a positive surgical margin and biochemical recurrence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy

Yang, C-W; Wang, H-H; Hassouna, MF; Chand, M; Huang, WJS; Chung, H-J; (2021) Prediction of a positive surgical margin and biochemical recurrence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Science Reports , 11 (1) , Article 14329. 10.1038/s41598-021-93860-y. Green open access

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Abstract

The positive surgical margin (PSM) and biochemical recurrence (BCR) are two main factors associated with poor oncotherapeutic outcomes after prostatectomy. This is an Asian population study based on a single-surgeon experience to deeply investigate the predictors for PSM and BCR. We retrospectively included 419 robot-assisted radical prostatectomy cases. The number of PSM cases was 126 (30.1%), stratified as 22 (12.2%) in stage T2 and 103 (43.6%) in stage T3. Preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) > 10 ng/mL (p = 0.047; odds ratio [OR] 1.712), intraoperative blood loss > 200 mL (p = 0.006; OR 4.01), and postoperative pT3 stage (p < 0.001; OR 6.901) were three independent predictors for PSM while PSA > 10 ng/mL (p < 0.015; hazard ratio [HR] 1.8), pT3 stage (p = 0.012; HR 2.264), International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade > 3 (p = 0.02; HR 1.964), and PSM (p = 0.027; HR 1.725) were four significant predictors for BCR in multivariable analysis. PSMs occurred mostly in the posterolateral regions (73.8%) which were associated with nerve-sparing procedures (p = 0.012) while apical PSMs were correlated intraoperative bleeding (p < 0.001). A high ratio of pT3 stage after RARP in our Asian population-based might surpass the influence of PSM on BCR. PSM was less significant than PSA and ISUP grade for predicting PSA recurrence in pT3 disease. Among PSM cases, unifocal and multifocal positive margins had a similar ratio of the BCR rate (p = 0.172) but ISUP grade > 3 (p = 0.002; HR 2.689) was a significant BCR predictor. These results indicate that PSA and pathological status are key factors influencing PSM and BCR.

Type: Article
Title: Prediction of a positive surgical margin and biochemical recurrence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-93860-y
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-93860-y
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Science & Technology - Other Topics, SINGLE-CENTER COHORT, RISK-FACTORS, OUTCOMES, CANCER, IMPACT, LOCATION, SURGEONS, SCORE, MEN
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Targeted Intervention
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10132815
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