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Inference from large sets of radiocarbon dates: Software and methods

Crema, ER; Bevan, A; (2021) Inference from large sets of radiocarbon dates: Software and methods. Radiocarbon , 63 (1) pp. 23-39. 10.1017/RDC.2020.95. Green open access

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Abstract

The last decade has seen the development of a range of new statistical and computational techniques for analysing large collections of radiocarbon (14C) dates, often but not exclusively to make inferences about human population change in the past. Here we introduce rcarbon, an open-source software package for the R statistical computing language which implements many of these techniques and looks to foster transparent future study of their strengths and weaknesses. In this paper, we review the key assumptions, limitations and potentials behind statistical analyses of summed probability distribution of 14C dates, including Monte-Carlo simulation-based tests, permutation tests, and spatial analyses. Supplementary material provides a fully reproducible analysis with further details not covered in the main paper.

Type: Article
Title: Inference from large sets of radiocarbon dates: Software and methods
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/RDC.2020.95
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/RDC.2020.95
Language: English
Additional information: © 2020 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: demography; open source software; radiocarbon dating; statistical analysis; summed probability distribution
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10132376
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