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Myocardial Perfusion Defects in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Mutation Carriers

Hughes, RK; Camaioni, C; Augusto, JB; Knott, K; Quinn, E; Captur, G; Seraphim, A; ... Moon, JC; + view all (2021) Myocardial Perfusion Defects in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Mutation Carriers. Journal of the American Heart Association , 10 , Article e020227. 10.1161/JAHA.120.020227. Green open access

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Abstract

Background Impaired myocardial blood flow (MBF) in the absence of epicardial coronary disease is a feature of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Although most evident in hypertrophied or scarred segments, reduced MBF can occur in apparently normal segments. We hypothesized that impaired MBF and myocardial perfusion reserve, quantified using perfusion mapping cardiac magnetic resonance, might occur in the absence of overt left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and late gadolinium enhancement, in mutation carriers without LVH criteria for HCM (genotype-positive, left ventricular hypertrophy-negative). Methods and Results A single center, case-control study investigated MBF and myocardial perfusion reserve (the ratio of MBF at stress:rest), along with other pre-phenotypic features of HCM. Individuals with genotype-positive, left ventricular hypertrophy-negative (n=50) with likely pathogenic/pathogenic variants and no evidence of LVH, and matched controls (n=28) underwent cardiac magnetic resonance. Cardiac magnetic resonance identified LVH-fulfilling criteria for HCM in 5 patients who were excluded. Individuals with genotype-positive, left ventricular hypertrophy-negative had longer indexed anterior mitral valve leaflet length (12.52±2.1 versus 11.55±1.6 mm/m2, P=0.03), lower left ventricular end-systolic volume (21.0±6.9 versus 26.7±6.2 mm/m2, P≤0.005) and higher left ventricular ejection fraction (71.9±5.5 versus 65.8±4.4%, P≤0.005). Maximum wall thickness was not significantly different (9.03±1.95 versus 8.37±1.2 mm, P=0.075), and no subject had significant late gadolinium enhancement (minor right ventricle‒insertion point late gadolinium enhancement only). Perfusion mapping demonstrated visual perfusion defects in 9 (20%) carriers versus 0 controls (P=0.011). These were almost all septal or near right ventricle insertion points. Globally, myocardial perfusion reserve was lower in carriers (2.77±0.83 versus 3.24±0.63, P=0.009), with a subendocardial:subepicardial myocardial perfusion reserve gradient (2.55±0.75 versus 3.2±0.65, P=<0.005; 3.01±0.96 versus 3.47±0.75, P=0.026) but equivalent MBF (2.75±0.82 versus 2.65±0.69 mL/g per min, P=0.826). Conclusions Regional and global impaired myocardial perfusion can occur in HCM mutation carriers, in the absence of significant hypertrophy or scarring.

Type: Article
Title: Myocardial Perfusion Defects in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Mutation Carriers
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.120.020227
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.020227
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Keywords: Genetics, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, quantitative perfusion mapping, sarcomere mutations carriers without hypertrophy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10132298
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