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Whole genome sequencing of single circulating tumor cells from neuroendocrine neoplasms

Childs, A; Steele, CD; Vesely, C; Rizzo, FMM; Ensell, L; Lowe, H; Dhami, P; ... Meyer, T; + view all (2021) Whole genome sequencing of single circulating tumor cells from neuroendocrine neoplasms. Endocrine-Related Cancer 10.1530/ERC-21-0179. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Single-cell profiling of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) as part of a minimally invasive liquid biopsy presents an opportunity to characterize and monitor tumor heterogeneity and evolution in individual patients. In this study, we aimed to compare single-cell copy number variation (CNV) data with tissue, and define the degree of intra- and inter-patient genomic heterogeneity. We performed next generation sequencing (NGS) whole genome CNV analysis of 125 single CTCs derived from seven patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) alongside matched white blood cells (WBC), formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) and fresh frozen (FF) samples. CTC CNV profiling demonstrated recurrent chromosomal alterations in previously reported NEN copy number hotspots, including the prognostically relevant loss of chromosome 18. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering revealed CTCs with distinct clonal lineages as well as significant intra- and inter-patient genomic heterogeneity, including subclonal alterations not detectable by bulk analysis and previously unreported in NEN. Notably, we also demonstrate the presence of genomically distinct CTCs according to the enrichment strategy utilized (EpCAM-dependent versus size-based). This work has significant implications for the identification of therapeutic targets, tracking of evolutionary change and the implementation of CTC-biomarkers in cancer.

Type: Article
Title: Whole genome sequencing of single circulating tumor cells from neuroendocrine neoplasms
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1530/ERC-21-0179
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/ERC-21-0179
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Cancer Bio
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Pathology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10132034
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