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Towards Patient-Specific Brain Networks Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Hutel, Michael; (2021) Towards Patient-Specific Brain Networks Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

fMRI applications are rare in translational medicine and clinical practice. What can be inferred from a single fMRI scan is often unreliable due to the relative low signal-to-noise ratio compared to other neuroimaging modalities. However, the potential of fMRI is promising. It is one of the few neuroimaging modalities to obtain functional brain organisation of an individual during task engagement and rest. This work extends on current fMRI image processing approaches to obtain robust estimates of functional brain organisation in two resting-state fMRI cohorts. The first cohort comprises of young adults who were born at extremely low gestations and age-matched healthy controls. Group analysis between term- and preterm-born adults revealed differences in functional organisation, which were discovered to be predominantly caused by underlying structural and physiological differences. The second cohort comprises of elderly adults with young onset Alzheimer’s disease and age-matched controls. Their corresponding resting-state fMRI scans are short in scanning time resulting in unreliable spatial estimates with conventional dual regression analysis. This problem was addressed by the development of an ensemble averaging of matrix factorisations approach to compute single subject spatial maps characterised by improved spatial reproducibility compared to maps obtained by dual regression. The approach was extended with a haemodynamic forward model to obtain surrogate neural activations to examine the subject’s task behaviour. This approach applied to two task-fMRI cohorts showed that these surrogate neural activations matched with original task timings in most of the examined fMRI scans but also revealed subjects with task behaviour different than intended by the researcher. It is hoped that both the findings in this work and the novel matrix factorisation approach itself will benefit the fMRI community. To this end, the derived tools are made available online to aid development and validation of methods for resting-state and task fMRI experiments.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Towards Patient-Specific Brain Networks Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2021. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10132029
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