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Demystifying the Draft EU Artificial Intelligence Act

Veale, M; Borgesius, FZ; (2021) Demystifying the Draft EU Artificial Intelligence Act. Computer Law Review International , 22 (4) pp. 97-112. 10.9785/cri-2021-220402. Green open access

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Abstract

In April 2021, the European Commission proposed a Regulation on Artificial Intelligence, known as the AI Act. We present an overview of the Act and analyse its implications, drawing on scholarship ranging from the study of contemporary AI practices to the structure of EU product safety regimes over the last four decades. Aspects of the AI Act, such as different rules for different risk-levels of AI, make sense. But we also find that some provisions of the Draft AI Act have surprising legal implications, whilst others may be largely ineffective at achieving their stated goals. Several overarching aspects, including the enforcement regime and the risks of maximum harmonisation pre-empting legitimate national AI policy, engender significant concern. These issues should be addressed as a priority in the legislative process.

Type: Article
Title: Demystifying the Draft EU Artificial Intelligence Act
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.9785/cri-2021-220402
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.9785/cri-2021-220402
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Laws
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10131593
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