UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Multimodal analysis of cell-free DNA whole-genome sequencing for pediatric cancers with low mutational burden

Peneder, P; Stutz, AM; Surdez, D; Krumbholz, M; Semper, S; Chicard, M; Sheffield, NC; ... Tomazou, EM; + view all (2021) Multimodal analysis of cell-free DNA whole-genome sequencing for pediatric cancers with low mutational burden. Nature Communications , 12 (1) , Article 3230. 10.1038/s41467-021-23445-w. Green open access

[thumbnail of Strauss_Multimodal analysis of cell-free DNA whole-genome sequencing for pediatric cancers with low mutational burden_VoR.pdf]
Preview
Text
Strauss_Multimodal analysis of cell-free DNA whole-genome sequencing for pediatric cancers with low mutational burden_VoR.pdf - Published Version

Download (5MB) | Preview

Abstract

Sequencing of cell-free DNA in the blood of cancer patients (liquid biopsy) provides attractive opportunities for early diagnosis, assessment of treatment response, and minimally invasive disease monitoring. To unlock liquid biopsy analysis for pediatric tumors with few genetic aberrations, we introduce an integrated genetic/epigenetic analysis method and demonstrate its utility on 241 deep whole-genome sequencing profiles of 95 patients with Ewing sarcoma and 31 patients with other pediatric sarcomas. Our method achieves sensitive detection and classification of circulating tumor DNA in peripheral blood independent of any genetic alterations. Moreover, we benchmark different metrics for cell-free DNA fragmentation analysis, and we introduce the LIQUORICE algorithm for detecting circulating tumor DNA based on cancer-specific chromatin signatures. Finally, we combine several fragmentation-based metrics into an integrated machine learning classifier for liquid biopsy analysis that exploits widespread epigenetic deregulation and is tailored to cancers with low mutation rates. Clinical associations highlight the potential value of cfDNA fragmentation patterns as prognostic biomarkers in Ewing sarcoma. In summary, our study provides a comprehensive analysis of circulating tumor DNA beyond recurrent genetic aberrations, and it renders the benefits of liquid biopsy more readily accessible for childhood cancers.

Type: Article
Title: Multimodal analysis of cell-free DNA whole-genome sequencing for pediatric cancers with low mutational burden
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-23445-w
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-23445-w
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Biomarkers; Cancer genomics; Epigenomics; Paediatric cancer; Software
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10131280
Downloads since deposit
132Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item