UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Economy-wide rebound makes UK's electric car subsidy fall short of expectations

Font Vivanco, D; Nechifor, V; Freire-González, J; Calzadilla, A; (2021) Economy-wide rebound makes UK's electric car subsidy fall short of expectations. Applied Energy , 297 , Article 117138. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.117138. Green open access

[thumbnail of Font Vivanco et al. 2021 (Submitted).pdf]
Preview
Text
Font Vivanco et al. 2021 (Submitted).pdf - Accepted Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Environmental policies often underperform due to so-called rebound effects, namely behavioural and systemic responses to technical change leading to additional consumption and environmental damage. While evidence of rebound is abundant, studies generally focus on technical changes that are neither associated with specific technologies nor their production costs, making it difficult to connect these changes with the policies governing them. To overcome this limitation, this study proposes to combine a technology-rich model based on life cycle assessment and a behaviour-optimising model for the global economy based on computable general equilibrium modelling. This approach allows to quantify policy-induced economy-wide rebound effects for four relevant environmental impacts: climate change, acidification, photochemical ozone formation, and particulate matter. We apply this approach to evaluate the effectiveness of the United Kingdom's subsidy on electric cars. The results show notable economy-wide rebound effects associated with this subsidy: over or close to 100% (no environmental benefits) for acidification and particulate matter impacts, and a lower, yet notable, magnitude for climate change (~20–50%) and photochemical ozone formation (~30–80%) impacts. The results also show the important role of macro-economic effects from price changes, particularly how the shift from petrol to electricity triggered additional demand for cheaper petrol.

Type: Article
Title: Economy-wide rebound makes UK's electric car subsidy fall short of expectations
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.117138
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.117138
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Rebound effect; electric cars; policy impact assessment; life cycle assessment; computable general equilibrium; integrated modelling
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10130952
Downloads since deposit
28Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item