UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Differences in the potential for dementia prevention between major ethnic groups within one country: A cross sectional analysis of population attributable fraction of potentially modifiable risk factors in New Zealand

Ma'u, E; Cullum, S; Cheung, G; Livingston, PG; Mukadam, N; (2021) Differences in the potential for dementia prevention between major ethnic groups within one country: A cross sectional analysis of population attributable fraction of potentially modifiable risk factors in New Zealand. The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific , 13 , Article 100191. 10.1016/j.lanwpc.2021.100191. Green open access

[thumbnail of 1-s2.0-S2666606521001000-main.pdf]
Preview
Text
1-s2.0-S2666606521001000-main.pdf - Published Version

Download (771kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Twelve potentially modifiable risk factors (less education, hypertension, obesity, alcohol, traumatic brain injury (TBI), hearing loss, smoking, depression, physical inactivity, social isolation, diabetes, air pollution) account for an estimated 40% of worldwide dementia cases. We aimed to calculate population attributable fractions (PAFs) for dementia for the four largest New Zealand ethnic groups (European, Māori, Asian, and Pacific peoples) to identify whether optimal dementia prevention targets differed by ethnicity. Methods: We calculated risk factor prevalence for 10 risk factors using the New Zealand Health Survey 2018/19 and published reports for hearing loss and TBI prevalences. We calculated the PAF for each risk factor using calculated prevalence and relative risk estimates from previous meta-analyses. To account for risk factor overlap, we calculated communality of risk factors and a weighted PAF. Findings: The weighted PAF for dementia was 47•7% overall in New Zealand, 47•6% for Europeans, 51•4% for Māori, 50•8% for Pacific peoples, and 40•8% for Asians. Highest PAFs for Europeans were hearing loss (8%) and social isolation (5•7%), and for Asians hearing loss (7•3%) and physical inactivity (5•5%). For Māori and Pacific peoples, highest PAFs were for obesity (7•3% and 8•9% respectively) and hearing loss (6•5% and 6•6%). Interpretation: New Zealand has higher dementia prevention potential than worldwide estimates with high prevalences of untreated hearing loss and obesity. The relative contribution of individual risk factors PAFs varies by ethnic group. Public health strategies for dementia prevention need to be tailored to these differences.

Type: Article
Title: Differences in the potential for dementia prevention between major ethnic groups within one country: A cross sectional analysis of population attributable fraction of potentially modifiable risk factors in New Zealand
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.lanwpc.2021.100191
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lanwpc.2021.100191
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry > Mental Health of Older People
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10130917
Downloads since deposit
13Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item