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From Calibration to Large-Scale Structure from Motion with Light Fields

Nousias, Sotirios D.; (2021) From Calibration to Large-Scale Structure from Motion with Light Fields. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Classic pinhole cameras project the multi-dimensional information of the light flowing through a scene onto a single 2D snapshot. This projection limits the information that can be reconstructed from the 2D acquisition. Plenoptic (or light field) cameras, on the other hand, capture a 4D slice of the plenoptic function, termed the “light field”. These cameras provide both spatial and angular information on the light flowing through a scene; multiple views are captured in a single photographic exposure facilitating various applications. This thesis is concerned with the modelling of light field (or plenoptic) cameras and the development of structure from motion pipelines using such cameras. Specifically, we develop a geometric model for a multi-focus plenoptic camera, followed by a complete pipeline for the calibration of the suggested model. Given a calibrated light field camera, we then remap the captured light field to a grid of pinhole images. We use these images to obtain metric 3D reconstruction through a novel framework for structure from motion with light fields. Finally, we suggest a linear and efficient approach for absolute pose estimation for light fields.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: From Calibration to Large-Scale Structure from Motion with Light Fields
Event: UCL
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2021. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10130646
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