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Weighing stars from birth to death: mass determination methods across the HRD

Serenelli, A; Weiss, A; Aerts, C; Angelou, GC; Baroch, D; Bastian, N; Beck, PG; ... Zwintz, K; + view all (2021) Weighing stars from birth to death: mass determination methods across the HRD. The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review , 29 (1) , Article 4. 10.1007/s00159-021-00132-9. (In press).

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Abstract

The mass of a star is the most fundamental parameter for its structure, evolution, and final fate. It is particularly important for any kind of stellar archaeology and characterization of exoplanets. There exist a variety of methods in astronomy to estimate or determine it. In this review we present a significant number of such methods, beginning with the most direct and model-independent approach using detached eclipsing binaries. We then move to more indirect and model-dependent methods, such as the quite commonly used isochrone or stellar track fitting. The arrival of quantitative asteroseismology has opened a completely new approach to determine stellar masses and to complement and improve the accuracy of other methods. We include methods for different evolutionary stages, from the pre-main sequence to evolved (super)giants and final remnants. For all methods uncertainties and restrictions will be discussed. We provide lists of altogether more than 200 benchmark stars with relative mass accuracies between [0.3,2]% for the covered mass range of M∈[0.1,16]M⊙, 75% of which are stars burning hydrogen in their core and the other 25% covering all other evolved stages. We close with a recommendation how to combine various methods to arrive at a “mass-ladder” for stars.

Type: Article
Title: Weighing stars from birth to death: mass determination methods across the HRD
DOI: 10.1007/s00159-021-00132-9
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00159-021-00132-9
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Stars: fundamental parameters, Stars: evolution, Stars: binaries: eclipsing, Stars: planetary systems, Galaxy: stellar content, Methods: numerical, Asteroseismology, LINED SPECTROSCOPIC BINARIES, DETACHED ECLIPSING BINARIES, RED GIANT BRANCH, PRECISION RADIAL-VELOCITIES, GALACTIC GLOBULAR-CLUSTERS, FUNDAMENTAL STELLAR PARAMETERS, TRANSITING EXTRASOLAR PLANETS, INTERMEDIATE ASTROMETRIC DATA, BROWN DWARF CANDIDATES, COMMON ENVELOPE BINARY, Stars: fundamental parameters, Stars: evolution, Stars: binaries: eclipsing, Stars: planetary systems, Galaxy: stellar content, Methods: numerical, Asteroseismology
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Space and Climate Physics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10130644
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