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The genetic architecture of Plakophilin 2 cardiomyopathy

Dries, AM; Kirillova, A; Reuter, CM; Garcia, J; Zouk, H; Hawley, M; Murray, B; ... Parikh, VN; + view all (2021) The genetic architecture of Plakophilin 2 cardiomyopathy. Genetics in Medicine 10.1038/s41436-021-01233-7. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The genetic architecture of Plakophilin 2 (PKP2) cardiomyopathy can inform our understanding of its variant pathogenicity and protein function. METHODS: We assess the gene-wide and regional association of truncating and missense variants in PKP2 with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM), and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) specifically. A discovery data set compares genetic testing requisitions to gnomAD. Validation is performed in a rigorously phenotyped definite ARVC cohort and non-ACM individuals in the Geisinger MyCode cohort. RESULTS: The etiologic fraction (EF) of ACM-related diagnoses from truncating variants in PKP2 is significant (0.85 [0.80,0.88], p < 2 × 10-16), increases for ARVC specifically (EF = 0.96 [0.94,0.97], p < 2 × 10-16), and is highest in definite ARVC versus non-ACM individuals (EF = 1.00 [1.00,1.00], p < 2 × 10-16). Regions of missense variation enriched for ACM probands include known functional domains and the C-terminus, which was not previously known to contain a functional domain. No regional enrichment was identified for truncating variants. CONCLUSION: This multicohort evaluation of the genetic architecture of PKP2 demonstrates the specificity of PKP2 truncating variants for ARVC within the ACM disease spectrum. We identify the PKP2 C-terminus as a potential functional domain and find that truncating variants likely cause disease irrespective of transcript position.

Type: Article
Title: The genetic architecture of Plakophilin 2 cardiomyopathy
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41436-021-01233-7
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41436-021-01233-7
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10130007
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