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High-resolution imaging of depth filter structures using X-ray computed tomography

Johnson, TF; Iacoviello, F; Welsh, JH; Shearing, PR; Bracewell, DG; (2021) High-resolution imaging of depth filter structures using X-ray computed tomography. Journal of Materials Science 10.1007/s10853-021-06238-w. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

A multiple length scale approach to the imaging and measurement of depth filters using X-ray computed tomography is described. Three different filter grades of varying nominal retention ratings were visualized in 3D and compared quantitatively based on porosity, pore size and tortuosity. Positional based analysis within the filters revealed greater voidage and average pore sizes in the upstream quartile before reducing progressively through the filter from the center to the downstream quartile, with these results visually supported by voidage distance maps in each case. Flow simulation to display tortuous paths that flow may take through internal voidage were examined. Digital reconstructions were capable of identifying individual constituents of voidage, cellulose and perlite inside each depth filter grade, with elemental analysis on upstream and downstream surfaces confirming perlite presence. Achieving an appropriate pixel size was of particular importance when optimizing imaging conditions for all grades examined. A 3 µm pixel size was capable of representing internal macropores of each filter structure; however, for the finest grade, an improvement to a 1 µm pixel size was required in order to resolve micropores and small perlite shards. Enhancing the pixel size resulted in average porosity measurements of 70% to 80% for all grades. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Type: Article
Title: High-resolution imaging of depth filter structures using X-ray computed tomography
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10853-021-06238-w
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-021-06238-w
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Biochemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10129894
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