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Shared genetic architecture underlying sleep and weight in children.

Garfield, V; Llewellyn, CH; Wichstrøm, L; Steinsbekk, S; (2021) Shared genetic architecture underlying sleep and weight in children. Sleep Medicine , 83 pp. 40-44. 10.1016/j.sleep.2021.04.021. Green open access

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Abstract

Meta-analyses suggest shorter sleep as a risk factor for obesity in children. The prevailing hypothesis is that shorter sleep causes obesity by impacting homeostatic processes. Sleep duration and adiposity are both heritable, and the association may reflect shared genetic aetiology. We examined the association between a body mass index (BMI) genetic risk score (GRS) and objectively-measured total sleep time (TST) in a cohort of Norwegian children (enrolled at age four in 2007-2008) using cross-sectional data at age six. The analytical sample included 452 six-year old children with complete genotype and phenotype data. The outcome was actigraphic total sleep time (TST) measured at age six years. Genetic risk of obesity was inferred using a 32-single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) weighted GRS of BMI. Covariates were BMI-Standard deviation scores (SDS) (which takes into account age and sex) and, in a sensitivity analysis socioeconomic status. Analyses consisted of Pearson's correlations and linear regressions. In our sample, 54% of participants were male; mean (SD) TST, age and BMI were 9.6 (0.8) hours, 6.0 (0.2) years and 15.3 (1.2) kg/m2, respectively. BMI and TST were not correlated, r = -0.003, p = 0.946. However, the BMI GRS was associated with TST after adjusting for BMI-SDS, standardised β = -0.11; 95% confidence interval (CI) = -0.22, -0.01. To our knowledge, this is the first study to establish a relationship between genetic risk of obesity and objective sleep duration in children. Findings suggest some shared genetic aetiology underlying these traits. Future research could identify the common biological pathways through which common genes predispose to both shorter sleep and increased risk of obesity.

Type: Article
Title: Shared genetic architecture underlying sleep and weight in children.
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.sleep.2021.04.021
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2021.04.021
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Body mass index, Genetic risk score, Objective measurements, Total sleep time
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10129835
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