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Breast feeding and weaning practices among Pakistani and Chinese communities in Newcastle upon Tyne

Lin, MM; (1991) Breast feeding and weaning practices among Pakistani and Chinese communities in Newcastle upon Tyne. Masters thesis (M.Sc), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Objectives The objectives of this study were to determine the patterns of breast feeding and weaning among the Pakistani and Chinese communities in Newcastle upon Tyne. The study also assessed the needs and priorities of the mothers in these communities about support from health workers and other sources of advice on feeding. Design The study was carried out in two municipal wards of Newcastle upon Tyne, viz. Elswick and Fenham for the Pakistani community and the whole of Newcastle for the Chinese community. A stratified sampling method was used in which the sample was stratified according to their ethnic minority groups and a sample of 67 mothers from the Pakistani community was selected using a snowball sampling method. Twenty mothers from the Chinese community were selected using a simple random sampling method. The study was cross sectional using a structured questionnaire. Setting The setting was Newcastle upon Tyne in two wards in which a large proportion of the Pakistani community is concentrated. The whole of Newcastle upon Tyne was used as a sampling frame for the Chinese community which is dispersed throughout the city. Main outcome The rate and duration of breast feeding in the Pakistani and the Chinese communities, the main reasons for not breast feeding, the reasons for discontinuation of breast feeding, the mothers' knowledge and attitude towards breast feeding and weaning, the profiles of breast feeding/non breast feeding mothers and the profiles of mothers who wean early or late were determined. Results 47.8% of the Pakistani and 30% of the Chinese mothers breast feed their children at birth. 3% of Pakistani and 5% of the Chinese mothers breast feed exclusively. All the Pakistani mothers used commercial weaning preparations while 41% of the Chinese mothers used home made preparations. Conclusions There is still a need to promote breast feeding in both the Pakistani and Chinese communities so that the rate and duration of breast feeding would be similar to those in their countries of origin which are Pakistan, where the breast feeding rate was 90 % at birth, and the People's Republic of China, where it was 75 % in the rural and 49 % in the urban areas.

Type: Thesis (Masters)
Qualification: M.Sc
Title: Breast feeding and weaning practices among Pakistani and Chinese communities in Newcastle upon Tyne
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10129491
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