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How therapists work with men is related to their views on masculinity, patriarchy, and politics

Barry, J; Liddon, L; Walker, R; Seager, M; (2021) How therapists work with men is related to their views on masculinity, patriarchy, and politics. Psychreg Journal of Psychology , 5 (1) pp. 50-64. doi.org/gf55. Green open access

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Abstract

In recent years, guidelines have been issued encouraging therapists to see masculinity in relation to power, privilege, and other constructs related to patriarchy theory. An exploratory study took a snowball sample of psychological therapists (psychotherapists, clinical psychologists, etc) recruited through professional networks and social media platforms between September and November 2020. This anonymous online survey asked participants how they view masculinity in relation to therapy. A total of 107 therapists met the inclusion criteria, mean + SD age 47.1 + 12.5, 66% (71) male, and 12.1 + 9.9 years in practice. Sixty therapists also described their approach to therapy with men, and content analysis found three categories: male-orientated (i.e., being aware of male-typical preferences for therapy; n = 36); gender-neutral (i.e., treating male and female clients in the same way; n = 20); and anti-patriarchy (i.e., viewing men’s problems as a result of the influence of patriarchy on socialisation into masculinity; n = 4). Chi-square (χ2) analysis with Fisher’s exact correction found therapists with a male-friendly approach were significantly less likely than other therapists to believe that: the training they received was male-friendly (χ2 = 17.804, p < .01); patriarchy holds women back (χ2 = 17.542, p < .05); and masculinity is simply a social construct (χ2 = 17.476, p < .05). They also identified less as being feminist (χ2 = 16.787, p <. 05); and less as being left-wing politically (χ2 = 15.347, p <. 05). Therapists’ views about masculinity and patriarchy are significantly related to how they report treating male clients.

Type: Article
Title: How therapists work with men is related to their views on masculinity, patriarchy, and politics
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: doi.org/gf55
Publisher version: https://www.pjp.psychreg.org/june-2021-volume-5-is...
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Keywords: Feminism; masculinity; men; patriarchy; therapist
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10128966
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