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Private schooling in India - Size, nature, and equity-effects

Kingdon, GG; (1996) Private schooling in India - Size, nature, and equity-effects. Economic and Political Weekly , 31 (51) pp. 3306-3314. Green open access

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Abstract

Published educational statistics in India ignore ëunrecognisedí private schools and include only the ërecognisedí private schools, though all government-funded schools are included. Moreover, enrolments in government-funded schools are greatly over-reported in education data. The paper argues that, as a result, official education statistics are seriously skewed: they exaggerate the size of the free, government-funded elementary school sector and greatly understate the size of the private fee-charging elementary school sector. While it may be expedient for the state to under-enumerate fee-charging schools and exaggerate its own contribution to school education, the fast-growing role of unrecognised private elementary schools should not be ignored because of important equity-related reasons: a system where fee-levying institutions have a significant role in elementary education while secondary education is largely state-supported has perverse equity-effects. The paper also presents evidence to show that official enrolment statistics - on which analysts, policymakers, and international studies rely, and which are used in parliamentary debates - are gravely inaccurate.

Type: Article
Title: Private schooling in India - Size, nature, and equity-effects
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.epw.in/journal/1996/51/special-article...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Private schooling, Education data, Equity Journal of Economic Literature Classification: I20, H42, H52
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Education, Practice and Society
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10128844
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